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MEMEL

Philatelic catalogues and literature

I have and uses, and some websides

 

  • Some copys of Ing. Becker "Memelgebiet Tafelwerk" through
  • Memel Teil I and II 1937 Ing. E. Becker and
  • Wikipedia`s "Memelland" and
  • Die Postmarken des MEMELGEBIETES 1920-1925; Heinz Ludwig 2006, and,
  • P.O. cancels in Lithuania; V. Fugalevicius, 1990,
  • And Michel`s spesialcatalogues,
  • Stanley gibbons, Scott and Yvert catlogues.
  • Most important my own collection of stamps, letters, postcards etc. from MEMELGEBIET.
  • Some witch I dont remember for the moment, but they are in my bookshelf and collection somewere.....
  • Memel Rundshau no. 7 - 19 E. Becker at
  • http://www.infla-berlin.de/15_Nebengebiete/Memmelgebiet.php

      And some very useful and interesting websides, and highly presiated,

      you find under Memel Links

 

      Oh yea, Archiv fur Deutsche Postgeschite 1961 Heft 1 und 2/herausgegeben von

      der Gesellschaft fur Deutsche Postgeschichte E.V. Frankfurt am Main.

 

      NeW: Memel philatelic handbook/ebook

 

  -->  

MEMEL

(cut out from The Congress Book 2011/American Philatelic Congress 12.8.2011)

 

 http://www.postalmuseum.si.edu/Scholarships/Congress_Book_2011_pages_20-30.pdf

 

 

In addition, the minor Hültschin Territory went to Czechoslovakia, while Danzig and

Memel were set up as free cities under Allied supervision. However, the latter was seized by

Lithuania in 1923, while the former remained independent until being reannexed to Germany

in September 1939.

 

The free cities

Reflecting the heavily (95%) German ethnicity of the residents, the Allies were reluctant

to attach the city of Danzig to Poland but recognized that the Polish economy needed a con-

venient port on the Baltic Sea. As a result, a decision was reached to separate the area from

Germany and create a Free City under League of Nations supervision, effective as of January

10, 1920. Danzig was included in a customs union with Poland, thus permitting free importa-

tion and exportation of goods, and the Poles were allowed to control all of the railway lines in

the area. The city was administered by an elected Senate, but actions needed approval from

a High Commissioner appointed by the League of Nations. It was reannexed to Germany.

 

The disintegration of the Hohenzollern Empire 1918–1923

 

September 1, 1939, at the time of the invasion of Poland. A similar situation arose with regard to the Memel territory at the far northern tip of Germany. The city itself was heavily Germanic, but the Lithuanians needed a port on the Baltic.

Thus, the Memel area was established as a protectorate of the Allies, including a French High

Commissioner, with the intention being that it would eventually be a self-governing territory

on the model of Danzig. However, the Lithuanian army marched into the area in January

1923 and held control of the city until March 22, 1939, when it was turned back to Germany

 

Memel

Stamps of Germany continued in use in Memel until July 7, 1920. Figure 27 shows a card

mailed by a member of the French occupation forces. The first special stamps for the territory

were overprints of “Memelgebiet” on the Germania issue. In addition to the issued stamps,

two overprints were prepared but not issued (Figure 28). Since the French were the occupying

power, these were followed by series of overprints of “Memel” on the current French defini-

tives, which continued in use until early 1923. The final stamp was overprinted “Memel” and

surcharged with a denomination of 500 Mark. Although a total of 150 pieces were prepared,

it was not issued because of the takeover by Lithuania on January 10, 1923 (Figure 29).

 

 

 

 

Aftermath

While the Nazis, who came to power in Germany in 1933, were not interested in a restora-

tion of the Hohenzollerns, they were very focused on undoing the provisions of the Versailles

Treaty, especially those that had transferred significant territories to neighboring countries.

This effort was eminently successful both prior to the outbreak of World War II and in the

early stages of the war. However, with the subsequent Allied victory, the regime collapsed.

<--

 

 And Tobias Huylmans expert webpage with lots of information about stamps and postal history Memel (Memelgebiet).

 

 

memel rundschau 15

 

Drawing of  fantasy cancel KLAIPEDA - MEMEL *5-VIII-23 * used on fake stamps # 151 - in 1923

(from Memel rundschau # 15 page 67, january 1935)

more info here at

HYULMANS

at the end of his page

 

 

 

 
 
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